Program Guide of the Chinese Orchestra
1. Jiangnan folk music 《Purple Bamboo Melody》
Folk music from Jiangsu
Arranger: Peng Xiuwen
Black bamboo melody is a minor of Han nationality, which originates from the Spring and Autumn period and widespread to Wu dialect. The segments of this song are composed of six phrases with regular modal interchange. The fluent rhythm bring this music a feeling of lyric and rustic.
2. Flute and the little band 《A New Song of Herdsmen》
Composer: Jian Guangyi
Flute player: Huang Kai
This melody is based on Yike Zhao League, created by Jian Guangyi in 1966. The strong Chinese national music style, which expressed via heart touching melody and lively rhythm, reveal the beautiful prairie scenery and herders’ characters in the new period.
3. Pipa solo 《Present you a rose》
Adapter: Wang Fandi
Pipa player: Cai Jin
This Pipa solo was adapted from a Xinjiang folk song, and then won the gold medal in the 6th World Youth Union Party in the Soviet Union. The rhythmical melody with obvious accents and the characteristic of dance is highly singable. The most distinctive part in this music is the tapping on Pipa in imitation of Xinjiang tambourines.
笙 宋 扬
4. Lusheng Solo 《Train Travel to Dong Village》
Composer: Yi Yongren
Player: Song Yang
Lusheng is a traditional instrument played by Miao, Dong, Shui ethnic minorities. This song is a representative Lusheng melody based on Dong music. The ability of Lusheng for imitation is fully used to depict the happiness when train coming into the village and people’s longing for a better life.
作曲 陈耀星 陈军
二胡 钟韵 陈溶
5. Erhu Ensemble 《War Horses Galloping》
Composer: Chen Yaoxing & Chen Jun
Erhu player: Zhong Yun & Chen Rong
War Horses Galloping is a Erhu solo created by Chen Yaoxing in the 1970s as a military camp rhasody. It describes warriors who practice hard to master combat skills with gallant spirit in order to keep the borders safe. The composer Chen Yaoxing used his fresh conception and superb playing skills to created lifelike galloping horses and warriors characters. It is also the first time for Erhu to be used in military theme.
6. Koto Solo 《Gathering Lotus Seeds》
Composer: Liu Huan
Koto player: Lei Dianyun
Lotus-gathering was an old custom in Six Dynasties. The beautiful posture of girls who are doing it has always been praised by numerous poets. The famous Tang poet Wang Changling described the moving scene in which girls’ dress and lotus leaves became integrated. This melody was inspired by Chinese pop star Yao Beina’song “Gathering Lotus Seeds”
7. Zurna Solo 《Making Snow Lam》
Composer: Liu Ying
Adapter: Zou Dacheng
Zurna player: Liu Xizhan
This melody is based on a Dongbei folk music “Making Snow Lam”, created by Liu Ying in a Northeast Errenzhuan style. The song can be divided into three parts. After a lively passion of allegro, Zurna gets to the point with a unchained melody, depicting people who are appreciating lanterns on the street. Then there are four modulations in the middle at the speed of adagio, expressing people’s admiration of happy life. In the last part, music turns to the original tune and become more passionate which is a reflection of the forthright Northeasterner.
8. Jinghu Solo《Deep Night》
Composer: Wu Hua
Jinghu player: Zhong Yun
Jing erhu player: Chen Rong
Chinese red drum: Tong shengyuan
Based on the tune of Kunqu“Wind blowing the lotus leaves”,the composition was adapted by generations of Peking opera masters and got its name from the first words of the libretto. The Kunqu talks about a nun bewailing her miserable and lonely life. However, the authors of “Deep Night” used creating means of folk music, changing the original mournful tune to a powerful and vigorous new melody. The adapters incorporated aspects from different spheres and expanded the music structure to a combination of introduction, adagio, moderate and allegro.
9. Ensemble 《Elixir of Love》
Composer: Peng Xiuwen
“Elixir of Love”is a light music with the form of single trilogy and a ABA construction. Beginning with the joy of the allegro, part A is soft and bright. After a bright flute part, the repetitive changes between Gaohu and Erhu paint a picture of soft song and dance. And then, part B starts with dulcimer and Qinqin, followed by the alternation of flute, Erhu and Gaohu. Through a syncopated inflection, music gets to C note from G. bass deep base sounds people indulge in the dance under the moon. In the end, embellishments is used to reproduce the theme of part A, making the melody end in an atmosphere of joy and celebration.